英语阅读理解试题选萃与解析(二)

共19164字

A

(2011年河师大附中质量检测)

People,youngorold,menorwomen,lovetowatchtelevisionforlong.However,therearealsosomeopinionsagainsttelevision.
Intheory,ithasbeenthoughtthattelevisionhasabadeffectonchildren’semotionaswellaslearningintelligence,ifnotdirectly,atleastindirectly.Itisdifficulttomeasurethedamage,butithasinfluencedthecreativemind.Thechildrenwhospendlonghoursinfrontofthetelevision,oftenhaveproblemslikebeinginattentiveinclass.Socialskillsfailtodevelopamongteenagersasaresultofthedecreaseinsocialcommunicationsuchasallotheractivities.Itisalsoacommoncomplaintthattheseteenagersoftendevelopanattitudeofdisrespecttowardseldersandthattheyarelosingoutontheabilitytothinkandreactpositively.
Peoplewhoarehappyandhealthyhavepositiveattitude,whichmakesthemintelligentandbringssuccessintheirlife.Apositiveattitudecaninfluencechildren,iftheatmosphereathomeissafeandthereisunconditionalloveinthefamily.Thesepositivefactorspersuadeeverychildtodowellintheirschoolsandcolleges.Asupportivefamilyplaysaveryimportantroleinthedevelopmentofthechild’sintelligenceandcreativethinking.
Therefore,itistheadults’responsibilityinthefamilytospendsometimewiththeyoungerones.Insteadofspendingtheeveningsinfrontoftelevision,plansomeoutdooractivitiestoencouragechildrentopursuevarioushobbies.
However,allowthechildrentowatchsomeselectiveprograms.Afterall,notalltheTVshowsarebadandsomeofthemincreasetheknowledgeofthechildren.Newsontelevisionprovidesthemwithusefulinformationfromeverycorneroftheworld.
1.Howmanydisadvantagesoftelevisionforchildrenarementionedaccordingtothepassage?
A.5.B.6.C.7.D.8.
2.WhichofthefollowingmightbethebesttitleforParagraph2?
A.Directinfluenceoftelevisiononpeople’sfeelings
B.Parents’suggestionsonwatchingTVregularly
C.Howtopreventtheharmfuleffectsoftelevision
D.Harmfuleffectsoftelevisiononchildren’sintelligence
3.Accordingtothepassage,todevelopchildren’svarioushobbies,parentsshould_______.
A.bestrictwithchildren
B.arrangesomeoutdooractivities
C.stopchildrenwatchingTV
D.offerchildrenmorefreedom
4.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat_______.
A.weshouldlookattheeffectsoftelevisionproperly
B.notallprogramsonTVcanbewatched
C.parentsaretoblameforchildren’sbadbehavior
D.parentsshouldspendsometimeplayingwithchildren
B
(2011年南阳三校联考)

Wishingtoencourageheryoungson’sprogressonthepiano,amothertookherboytoaPaderewskiconcert.Aftertheywereseated,themotherspottedafriendintheaudienceandwalkedovertogreether.
Seizingtheopportunitytoenjoythewondersoftheconcerthall,thelittleboyroseandfinallywentthroughadoormarked“NOADMITTANCE.”Whenthehouselightsdimmed(变暗)andtheconcertwasabouttobegin,themotherreturnedtoherseatanddiscoveredthatthechildwasmissing.

Suddenly,thecurtainspartedandspotlightsfocusedonthestage.Inhorror,themothersawherlittleboysittingatthekeyboard,pickingout“Twinkle,TwinkleLittleStar.”
Atthatmoment,thegreatpianomastermadehisentrance,quicklymovedtothepiano,andwhisperedintheboy’sear,“Don’tquit.Keepplaying.”
Thenleaningover,Paderewskireacheddownwithhislefthandandbeganfillinginabasspart.Soonhisrightarmreachedaroundtotheothersideofthechildandheaddedarunningobbligato(伴奏).Together,theoldmasterandtheyoungnovicechangedafrighteningsituationintoawonderfullycreativeexperience.
That’sthewayitisinlife.Whatwecanachieveonourownishardlynoteworthy.Wetryourbest,buttheresultsaren’texactlygracefulflowingmusic.ButwhenwetrustinthehandsofaGreaterPower,ourlife’sworktrulycanbebeautiful.
Nexttimeyousetouttofinishgreatachievements,listencarefully.YoucanhearthevoiceoftheMaster,whisperinginyourear,“Don’tquit.Keepplaying.”
1.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat_______.
A.theboywaslearningtoplaythepianoB.themasterwastheboy’steacher
C.themotherknewthepianistD.theboywassupposedtoplayattheconcert
2.FromthepassagewecanseethatPaderewski_______.
A.wasthenameofthelittleboyB.wasthenameofaconcerthall
C.wasagreatpianistD.wastheboy’smother
3.Whichistherightorderoftheeventsgiveninthefollowing?
a.Theboyplayedthepiano.
b.Themothersawafriend.
c.Themotherfoundhersonmissing.
d.Themastercameonthestage.
A.c;b;a;dB.b;c;d;aC.d;b;a;cD.b;c;a;d
4.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?
A.Whenthepianistcameonthestage,theboystoppedplaying.
B.Themotherwasveryhappywhenshesawhersonwasplaying.
C.Themasterencouragedtheboytokeeponplaying.
D.Themasterlettheboyplaythemusicallbyhimself.
C
(2011年许昌高三期末统考)

TherearemanyAmericanexpressionsaboutinsects?likebees,forexample.Beesareknownasveryhardworkers.Theyalwaysappeartobebusy,movingaroundtheirhomes,orhives(蜂房).Soyoumightsayyouareasbusyasabeeifyouspendyourweekendcleaningyourhouse.Infact,youmightsayyourhouseisabeehiveofactivityifyourwholefamilyishelpingyouclean.Youalsomightsayyoumakeabeelineforsomethingifyougothererightaway.Whenwegotoseeamovie,myfriendalwaysmakesabeelinefortheplacewherepopcornissold.
Ifsomethingwasthebestofitskind,youmightsayitwasthebee’sknees.Ifyourfriendcannotstoptalkingaboutsomethingbecauseshethinksitisimportant,youmightsayshehasabeeinherbonnet(软帽).Ifsomeoneasksyouapersonalquestion,youmightsay,“Thatisnoneofyourbeeswax.”Thismeans“noneofyourbusiness”.
Hornets(大黄蜂)arebee-likeinsectsthatsometimesattackpeople.Ifyouarereallyangry,youmightsayyouaremadasahornet.Andifyoustirupahornet’snest,youcreateproblems.

Butterfliesarebeautifulinsects,butyouwouldnotwanttohavebutterfliesinyourstomach.Thatmeanstobenervousabouthavingtodosomething,likespeakinginfrontofacrowd.Youwouldnotwanttohaveantsinyourpants,either.Thatis,toberestlessandunabletositstill.
Herearesomeexpressionsaboutplainoldbugs,anotherwordforinsects.Ifafriendkeepsaskingyoutodosomethingyoudonotwanttodo,youmightaskhimtoleaveyoualoneorstopbuggingyou.Afriendmightalsotellyouagainandagaintodosomething.Ifso,youmightsayheputsabuginyourear.Andifyouwishsomeonegoodnight,youmightsay,“Sleeptight?don’tletthebedbugsbite.”
1.HowmanyAmericanexpressionsaboutbeesarementionedinthepassage?
A.Four.B.Five.C.Six.D.Seven.
2.Whichofthefollowingexpressionsisanotherwaytosay“Askfortrouble”?
A.Youstirupahornet’snest.B.Youhaveabeeinyourbonnet.
C.Itisnoneofyourbeeswax.D.Youalwaysmakeabeeline.
3.Whatmaypeoplesaytosomeonewhoisrestless?
A.Youputabuginyourneighbor’sear.B.Youareasbusyasabee.
C.Youhaveantsinyourpants.D.Youhavestirredupahornet’snest.
4.Whenyousay“Ihavebutterfliesinmystomach”,youmean“_______”.
A.I’msureaboutitB.Idon’tknowwhattodo
C.MyclothesareverybeautifulD.I’mverynervous
D
(2011年郑州十六中高三质量评估)

Carmakerswillbetryingtheirbesttomeetthedemandforelectriccarsandthelithiumbatteriesthatpowerthemwithinthenexttwoyears,CarlosGhosn,chiefexecutiveofRenaultandNissan,haspredicted.
Mr.GhosnsaidattheGenevamotorshowyesterdaythatRenaultandNissanstoodtoprofitbecausetheywouldbe“theonlyoneonthemarket”withanelectriccarby2011.“IfIhadtomakeabettoday,Iwouldsaywe’regoingtobeveryquicklyinshotcapacity(产量)forelectricears,”Mr.Ghosnsaid.“FromeverythingI’mseeing,in2011or2012we’regoingtohavetorushtobuildcapacityforbothbatteriesandcars.”
RenaultandNissanarebetweenthembuildingenoughcapacitytoproduceabout150,000suchcarsinJapan,200,000inEurope,andmorethan200,000intheU.S.“We’reputtingthesysteminplace?whoelseisdoingthat.”Mr.Ghosnsaid.
ThealliedFrenchandJapanesecarmakersarepushingmoreaggressivelythanotherbigcarproducersintopurebatteryelectricvehicles,despiteawidespreadviewamongtheircompetitorsandindustryanalysts(分析家)thattheywillbelittlemorethananicheproduct.
WhileRenaultandNissansaytheywillbethefirsttomarketelectriccarsin2011.PSAPeugeotCitroenplanstolaunchtwoelectriccarsinEuropethisyear,andMitsubishi’si-MiEVisalreadyontheroadinJapan.
1.Inthenexttwoyearsonthemarkettherewillbealotof_______.
A.carmakersB.batterycarsC.carfactoriesD.gascars
2.Fromthesecondparagraphwecanlearn_______.
A.Mr.Ghosndidn’tattendtheGenevamotorshow

B.anelectriccarisdifficulttoproduce
C.theyhaveshotcapacityforelectriccarsnow
D.theywillproducemoreelectriccars
3.Theunderlinedword“i-MiEV”inthelastparagraphisprobablythenameof_______.
A.acarmakerB.abatteryC.anelectriccarD.anindustryanalyst
4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrue?
A.Theywillproducemoreelectriccarsthanbatteries.
B.TheywillproducemoresuchcarsintheU.S.thaninJapan.
C.Otherbigcarproducersalsomakeelectriccars.
D.PSAPeugeotCitroenwilllaunchtwoelectriccarsinEuropethisyear.
E
(2011年三门峡高三联考)

Teenagersarethemostdangerousdriversontheroad,andcarcrashesaretheleadingcauseofdeathamongteens.Butthere’sonesimplewaytokeepkidssafer:Don’tgiveteensacartheyconsidertheirown.
Teenagerswhoreportedthattheywerethemainpersondrivingavehicle,ratherthansharingitwithotherfamilymembers,weremorethantwiceaslikelytobeinvolvedinarecentcrash.Oneinfourdriverswithprimaryaccesstoacarhadhadanaccidentwhiledrivinginthepastyear,comparedwith1in10forsharedaccess.Thatmeans25percentofthekidsdrivingtheirowncarshadatleastoneaccidentlastyear!Theteenswiththeirowncaralsoweremorelikelytouseacellphonewhiledriving(78percent,comparedwith55percent)andtospeed(70percentvs.54percent).Thesefigurescomefromasurveyof2,167teenagersbyresearchersatChildren’sHospitalofPhiladelphia.Itissaidtobethefirsttolookatwhetherhavingprimaryaccesstoacaraffectssafetyforteenagedrivers.
Whatmakesdrivingafamilycarsafer?Maybeit’sassimpleasknowingthatit’sthefamily’scar.IremembermyhorrorwhenIbackedintoacarinthehighschoolparkinglotandcrumpledthefenderofthefamilycar.I’msuretherealizationthatitwasn’t“my”carmadememoresorry?andmorecareful.
Manyparentsareexcitedwhentheirteenagerisfinallydriving,andmanyteensneedtodrivethemselvestoschoolorwork.Asaresult,it’seasyforparentstothinkthatanewdriverneedsacar.Indeed,theresearchersfoundthat70percentoftheteenagerssaidthattheyhadtheirowncar.Thisisdangerous,andparentsshouldconsiderdelayinggivingachildacaratleastuntiltheteenagerhasbeendrivingforayear.
Childrenwhohavestrictparentswere50percentlesslikelytohavehadacrashinthepastyear,comparedwithparentswhosestyleispermissive.Theadvice:Don’tbeafraidtosetrulesforsafedrivingbehavior,andtakethekeysifthoserulesaren’tfollowed.Infact,makingyourteenagersay,“Mom,canIhavethecarkeys?”maybeoneofthesimplestandbestwaystokeepyourchildsafe.
1.Thepercentageofteenagerswhospeedwhiledrivingafamilycaris_______.
A.78%B.70%C.55%D.54%
2.Whataremanyparentsexcitedat?
A.Theirteenagerfindingajob.B.Theirteenagermakingfiends.
C.Theirteenagergettingadrivinglicense.D.Theirteenagerbuyingtheirowncar.

3.Howdoestheauthormakehispointtrustworthyinthetext?
A.Byusingsomeexamples.B.Byofferingsomefigures.
C.Byreasoningandconcluding.D.Byanalyzingcausesandeffects.
4.Theauthortriestomakeitclearthat_______.
A.teenagersshouldnotbeallowedtodrivealone
B.sharedcarscanavoidaccidentsfromhappening
C.itissaferforparentstodriveteenagerstoschool
D.notgivingteensacaroftheirowncankeepthemsafe
F
(2011年河南五市联考)

Wehavelearnedinformationaboutglobalwarming,whetherinschool,fromTVprograms,orbyoverhearingtheadultsaroundus.Thepiecesofinformationandfactsareeverywhere,butwhereonearthdoesglobalwarmingcomefrom?Howdoesitrelatetoourlives?Andwhatcanwedotohelp?
Let’scheckoutTheDown-to-EarthGuidetoGlobalWarming,writtenbyAmericansLaurieDavidandCambriaGordon.Inthebook,theconceptofsustainability(可持续性的概念)iscomparedtotheloveofyourpet.“Eventhoughyourcatmightpee(撒尿)onyourbedspreadoryourdogmightchewyourfavoriteshoes,youstillkeepit.Youdon’tthrowitaway.”Theplanetisalsocomparedtoyourmessyroom,andCO?2andtemperature“gotogetherlikepeanutbutterandjelly(果酱)”.
Whileamereonedegreeincreaseinworldtemperaturemightseemsmall,acomparisonofapopsicle(冰棒)youcanlick(舔)andoneyou’dhavetodrinkmaymakeyourconcernforglobalwarminggrow.
Thebook,constructedfrom100percentrecycledpaperandprintedwithsoy(黄豆)inks,hasachapter“Whatyoucandotostopglobalwarming”.Therearetipsyoumighthavealreadyknown,butthebookhasmoreinterestingideas.Forexample,leadinganunplugged(不通电的)lifeforaday,orconsideringyourcareerambitionsinlightofclimatechange.Fromhydrologist(水文工作者)tobiofuel(生物燃料)engineer,theyarecareersthataresustainableandcanberealized.
“Kidsarethenumberoneinfluenceontheirparents.Theyareguidesofchange,”saidauthorDavid.
1.Thewriterbeganhisarticleby_______.
A.directintroductionB.askingquestion
C.givingexamplesD.givinganexplanation
2.Whatdoestheword“it”refertointhesecondparagraph?
A.yourcatB.yourdogC.yourbedspreadD.yourcatoryourdog
3.Inthepassage,thewritercomparedCO?2to_______andcomparedtemperatureto_______.
A.peanutbutter;jellyB.jelly;peanutbutter
C.peanutbutter;peanutbutterD.jelly;jelly
4.TheDown-to-EarthGuidetoGlobalWarmingisabookwhichis_______.
A.puzzlingB.fantasticC.environmentallyfriendlyD.humorous
5.Howmanyexamplesdidthewritergiveofthebooktotellushowtostopglobalwarming?
A.Two.B.Three.C.Four.D.Five.
G
(2011年郑州九中质量检测)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
TheFarmer,HisWife,andtheOpenDoor
Onceuponatime,therelivedapoorfarmerandhiswife.Oneday,havingfinishedtheirday’slaborandeatentheirsimplesupper,theyweresittingbythefire.1Itwasblownopenbywind.

“Darling,shutthedoor!”saidtheman.
“Noway,shutityourself!”saidthewoman.
“Iwillnotshutit,andyoushallnotshutit,”saidtheman,“butlettheonewhospeaksthefirstwordshutit.”
2
Inthemiddleofthenighttheyheardanoise,andlookingaround,theyfoundthatawilddoghadenteredtheroom,andthathewasbusyeatingtheirfood.Notaword,however,wouldeitherofthesesillypeoplesay,andthedog,havingeatenasmuchashewanted,wentoutofthehouse.
3
Whenshewasout,abarberentered,andsaidtothehusband,“Whyareyousittinghereallalone?”4Thebarberthenshaved(剃)hishead,butstillhedidnotspeak;thenheshavedoffhalfhisbeard,buteventhenthemankeptsilent.“Themaniscrazy!”criedthebarber,andhequicklyescapedoutofthehouse.
Atthemoment,thewifereturnedfromtheshop.5
“Youspokethefirstword,”saidthefarmer,“sopleaseshutthedoor.”
A.Hiswordspleasedthewife,andsotheoldcouple,wellsatisfied,wentinsilencetobed.
B.Andthentheyhadaquarreloverwhoshouldshutthedoor.
C.Theoldcouplefellasleephappilyatnight.
D.Thenextmorningthewomanwentshoppingbyherself.
E.Thefarmerdidn’tansweraword.
F.She,seeingherhusbandinsuchastrangecondition,cried,“Ah!Whathaveyoubeendoing?”
G.Thefarmerandhiswifewerestupid.
H
(2011年锦州一高中高三模拟考试)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
1Whenapersondoesacertainthingagain,heisimpelled(迫使)bysomeunseenforcetodothesamethingrepeatedly;thusahabitisformed.Onceahabitisformed,itisdifficult,andsometimesimpossible,togetridof.2Childrenoftenformbadhabits,someofwhichremainwiththemaslongastheylive.Olderpersonsalsoformbadhabitsaslongastheylive,andsometimesbecomeruinedbythem.
3Manysuccessfulmensaythatmuchoftheirsuccesshassomethingtodowithcertainhabitsinearlylife,suchasearlyrising,honestyandthoroughness.
Amongthehabitswhichchildrenshouldnotformarelaziness,lying,stealingandsoon.4Unfortunatelyolderpersonsoftenformhabitswhichoughttohavebeenavoided.
5
A.Thereareotherhabitswhich,whenformedinearlylife,areofgreathelp.
B.Whethergoodornothabitsare,theyareeasytogetridof.
C.Weoughttokeepfromallthesebadhabits,andtrytoformsuchhabitsaswillprovegoodforourselvesandothers.
D.Habits,whethergoodorbad,aregraduallyformed.
E.Itisveryimportantforustoknowwhyweshouldgetusedtogoodhabits.
F.Thesearealleasilyformedhabits.
G.Itisthereforeveryimportantthatweshouldpaygreatattentiontotheformationofhabits.

参考答案与解析
A
【导读】电视节目,尤其是少儿节目,对孩子的智力开发、早期教育是有帮助的。但是看电视也会对孩子智力产生一定的负面影响。父母应该如何做才能确保电视节目对孩子没有不良影响呢?
1.A事实概括题。“导致他们缺乏创造力和想象力”“上课精力不集中”“社交技巧欠缺”“对长辈不够尊敬”和“缺乏积极的思维”等电视对孩子的不利方面在第二段提到。
2.D段落大意题。通过第二段可以知道,电视节目对孩子智力有负面影响。

3.B细节理解题。为了培养孩子的多项爱好,第四段建议父母们应安排一些户外活动。
4.A推理判断题。虽然电视节目对孩子有很大的不良影响,但本文说明并不是所有的电视节目对孩子都有害,所以我们要合理地看待电视节目的影响。
B
【导读】为了让儿子能在钢琴方面有长足的进步,一位母亲带着儿子去听音乐会。于是,大师和孩子之间发生了让母亲意想不到的事情。这件事情告诉我们什么启示呢?
1.A推理判断题。根据第一段的第一句Wishingtoencourageheryoungson’sprogressonthepiano,…可知,那个小孩正在学弹钢琴。
2.C推理判断题。根据第一段中的aPaderewskiconcert和第五段中的Paderewskireacheddownwithhislefthand判断,Paderewski就是这位钢琴家的名字。
3.D顺序排列题。这几个事件的发生顺序为:母亲去看朋友,回来发现儿子不见了,孩子溜到舞台开始弹钢琴,钢琴家出现在舞台上。
4.C细节理解题。根据第四段最后一句Don’tquit.Keepplaying.可知,D是正确的选项。
C
【导读】本文介绍了美国英语中关于昆虫的一些习惯用语。
1.C事实判断题。通过第一、二段,我们可以知道asbusyasabee、abeehiveofactivity、makeabeelineforsth./sb.、thebee’sknees、abeeinone’sbonnet和Thatisnoneofyourbeeswax.都是有关蜜蜂的表达,分别表示“忙碌不停”“熙熙攘攘、场面热闹”“直奔某物/某人”“最好的、至高无上的东西”“奇怪而挥之不去的想法”和“与你无关”的意义。
2.A语义理解题。A、B、C、D四个选项分别表示“麻烦缠身”“奇怪而挥之不去的想法”“与你无关”“直奔某物/某人”。
3.C推理判断题。antsinone’spants这个词组形象地表达了蚂蚁爬到裤子里之后“你可能像热锅上的蚂蚁一样坐立不安”的状态。
4.D细节理解题。当表示紧张、恐惧或忧虑之类的心理活动时,英文可以说havebutterfliesinthestomach,表示“七上八下、忐忑不安”。
D
【导读】随着新能源政策的陆续出台,各大汽车制造商陆续推出新研制的电动车以及相关产品,电动汽车进入百姓家已经不远。
1.B细节理解题。由第一段首句可知,CarlosGhosn预计未来两年内,汽车制造商们将难以满足市场对电动汽车以及为其提供动力的锂电池的需求。因此他们将不得不拼命提高电池和汽车的产能。
2.D推理判断题。由Mr.Ghosn所说的一番话可知,他们将不得不拼命提高电池和汽车的产能,也就是说他们将生产更多的电动汽车。
3.C词义猜测题。由后面的isalreadyontheroadinJapan可推断出i-MiEV是电动汽车的名字。
4.A细节理解题。文中没有提到A项“他们将生产的电车比电池多”。
E
【导读】随着世界汽车保有量的增多,使得驾驶的初始年龄开始下降,由此造成的青少年驾驶事故愈来愈多。如何才能确保孩子的驾驶安全避免青少年驾车时发生车祸呢?
1.D细节理解题。根据第二段提供的数据,青少年驾驶自己的汽车时打电话的比例是78%,超速的比例是70%,而驾驶家人的车辆行驶时,两项的比例分别是55%和54%。
2.C推理判断题。根据第四段的第一句可知,很多家长得知自己的孩子会开车了非常激动。
3.B推理判断题。根据全文的内容可知。作者在第二、四、五段分别提供了几组数字来证明自己的观点是可信的。
4.D主旨大意题。本文为议论文,说明了如何做才能避免青少年驾车时发生车祸。在第一段和最后一段作者表明了自己的观点:不要让孩子拥有自己的汽车。这样可以降低交通事故的风险。
F
【导读】全球气候变暖是一种“自然现象”。它既危害自然生态系统的平衡,更威胁人类的食物供应和居住环境。我们每个人应该怎样做才能为阻止全球气候变暖作出自己的贡献呢?本文提出了有益的建议。
1.B推理判断题。由原文第一段末尾三个连续的特殊疑问句可以推出作者通过提问开篇。
2.D词义猜测题。认真阅读分析画线词所在句及前后邻近句可知,在这本书中,可持续性的概念被作者比作人类对小猫和小狗两个宠物的爱,可见it指小猫或小狗。
3.A细节理解题。由原文第二段末句知道,“我们的地球也被比作一个乱七八糟的房间,而二氧化碳和气温就像花生酱和果酱一样,谁也离不开谁!”
4.C推理判断题。由原文第四段首句知道,“这本书使用100%再生纸和黄豆印墨打印。书中有这样一个章节‘您能为缓解全球变暖做什么’。”这本书的印刷材料说明这是一本有益于环保的书。
5.A推理判断题。由原文第四段中的Forexample,leadinganunplugged(不通电的)lifeforaday,orconsideringyourcareerambitionsinlightofclimatechange.(关掉电源生活一天,或是根据气候变化考虑自己的事业和抱负。)可以知道,作者举了书中的两个例子作为如何阻止全球变暖的建议。
G
【导读】这是一篇寓言故事。讲述的是一对贫穷而又懒惰的夫妇为谁应该去关门的问题发生争执,并由此引发让人啼笑皆非的事情。
1.B本题考查过渡性句子的筛选。由下文“Darling,shutthedoor!”“Noway,shutityourself!”“Iwillnotshutit,andyoushallnotshutit,”“butlettheonewhospeaksthefirstwordshutit.”等信息可以知道,这对夫妇晚饭后坐在火炉旁争论到底该谁去把风吹开的门关上。所以选项B合适。
2.A本题考查注释性句子的筛选。由上文知道,丈夫对“该谁去把门关上”的问题提出了提议。通过下文知道,丈夫的提议让妻子很高兴。于是夫妻二人满意地上床睡觉。所以选项A合适。
3.D本题考查过渡性句子的筛选。由下文的信息“Whenshewasout,…”“Atthemoment,thewifereturnedfromtheshop.”知道:第二天一大早,妻子独自一人去买东西。所以选项D合适。
4.E本题考查过渡性句子的筛选。从本段下文所提到的信息可以知道:第二天,理发师进来的时候以及在理发的时候,丈夫始终不说话。所以选项E合适。
5.F本题考查注释性句子的筛选。本段上文所提到的信息表明,理发师正要跑出去时,女主人买东西回来了。看到丈夫“头发被剃完了,胡子被剃了一半”的样子,很自然会感到非常怪,并吃惊大叫。所以选项F合适。
H
【导读】习惯是什么?习惯是一种看不见的力量,是在不知不觉中养成的。良好的行为习惯决定着一个人未来的成功。正如俗话所说,“与其给孩子金山、银山,不如教给孩子好习惯。”
1.D本题考查段落主旨句的概括。根据本段空白处后面的内容…thusahabitisformed可以知道,第1空表示“习惯是如何形成的”。所以选项D合适。
2.G本题考查过渡性句子的筛选。根据本段空白处前面的内容知道“习惯一旦形成就很难摆脱”;根据本段空白处后面的内容知道“坏习惯形成以后,就会长时间伴随自己”。所以“重视习惯的形成很重要”。
3.A本题考查段落主旨句的概括。本段空白处后面的句子属于注释性内容,可以有效地反映空白处内容。由“successfulmen”“certainhabits”“inearlylife”等关键性词语可以选定选项A。
4.F空白处前面的句子列举出了laziness、lying、stealing等我们不应该有的不良习惯,紧接着指出“这些坏习惯很容易形成”,以便从侧面引起大家对此的重视。所以选项F合适。
5.C本题考查文章主旨句的概括。通过上文几段对“习惯的成因、好坏习惯的作用”的论述,知道我们每个人应该远离“坏习惯”,培养“好习惯”。可见,此处选项C合适。

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